Ekkehard Ernst is Chief Macroeconomist at the International Labour Organization, where he is responsible for the World Employment and Social Outlook Trends publication to report on latest employment and social developments and projections. His unit also delves into analyzing macroeconomic policy options to improve the world of labour. Before joining the ILO in 2008 he worked at the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and the European Central Bank. He has published in the area of labour market reforms and on the interaction between financial and labour market dynamics, in particular regarding the role of financial frictions for unemployment developments and the impact of financial market reregulation on job creation in G20 countries. Ekkehard Ernst has studied in Mannheim, Saarbrücken and Paris and holds a PhD from the École des Hautes études en Sciences Sociales. He became an IZA Policy Fellow in July 2011.